On August 15, 2009 India will celebrate the 62nd anniversary of its independence from British rule. I would like to take this occasion to list 5 interesting facts about India’s independence. Fact 1: The parliament of the United Kingdom enacted the Indian Independence Act 1947 which basically partitioned India (creating an independent India and Pakistan). This act was approved by England on July 18, 1947.
Fact 2: There were 562 princely states in India at the time of independence. 560 of these states joined India and the remaining two (Junagadh and Hyderabad) were annexed by the military.
Fact 3: After India’s independence from Britain, Portugal amended its constitution and declared Goa as a Portuguese state. Indian troops invaded Goa on December 19, 1961. The former USSR vetoed a resolution submitted by the United States of America and the United Kingdom condemning this invasion.
Fact 4: One of the founders of the Indian National Congress (one of the parties primarily responsible for India’s independence) was Allan Octavian Hume (a British citizen). He is also considered to be the “father of Indian Ornithology”. The other founding members are Dadabhai Naoroji, Dinshaw Wacha, Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee, Surendranath Banerjee, Monomohun Ghose and William Wedderburn.
Fact 5: A drafting committee was set up on 29th August, 1947 to draft the Indian constitution. The final version of the constitution came into effect on January 26, 1950 (Republic Day of India). During the emergency imposed by Indira Gandhi in 1976, our constitution was amended and the word “socialist” added to the preamble to the constitution. Our founding fathers never intended India to be a socialist country.
Do you have any tit bits about Indian Independence that you would like to add?
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Category: News & Government